M. Trees and Plants

M. Trees and Plants

Gardiner Number Sign Description of Sign Functions
  M1 𓆭 tree

Det. tree.

Phon. transliteration, transliteration, transliteration.

  M1a 𓆮 combination of mdw-nTr M1 and mdw-nTr M3 Det. tree.
  M1b 𓆯 combination of mdw-nTr M1 and mdw-nTr I9 Log. transliteration, “Nedjfit”.
  M2 𓆰 plant

Det. plant, flower.

Phon. transliteration.

Phon. det. transliteration.

Log. transliteration, “I”.

Det. transliteration, “man”. Ex. mdw-nTr .

  M3 𓆱 branch

Log. transliteration, “wood”.

Phon. transliteration.

Det. wood.

Phon. det. transliteration.

  M3a 𓆲 combination of mdw-nTr G17 and mdw-nTr M3 Log. transliteration, “after”.
  M4 𓆳 palm branch

Det. transliteration, “young”.

Log. or det. transliteration, “year”.

Log. transliteration, “regnal year”.

Log. transliteration, “last year”.

Use as mdw-nTr M5.

Use as mdw-nTr M6.

Use as mdw-nTr M7.

  M5 𓆴 combination of mdw-nTr M4 and mdw-nTr X1

Log. or det. transliteration, “season”.

Phon. det. transliteration.

Phon. det. transliteration.

  M6 𓆵 combination of mdw-nTr M4 and mdw-nTr D21

Log. or det. transliteration, “season”.

Phon. det. transliteration, transliteration.

Phon. det. transliteration.

  M7 𓆶 combination of mdw-nTr M4 and mdw-nTr Q3 Log. or det. transliteration, “young”.
  M8 𓆷 pool with lotus flowers

Log. or det. transliteration, “pool”.

Phon. transliteration.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr, mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

Log. or det. transliteration, “Season of Inundation”.

  M9 𓆸 lotus flower Log. or det. transliteration, “lotus”.
  M10 𓆹 lotus bud with straight stem Log. or det. transliteration, “lotus bud”.
  M10a 𓆺 lotus bud with winding stem Use as mdw-nTr M10.
  M11 𓆻 flower on long twisted stalk Log. or det. transliteration, “offer”.
  M12 𓆼 lotus plant

Phon. transliteration.

Log. transliteration, “1000”.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr, mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

  M12a 𓆽  … Use as 2× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12b 𓆾  … Use as 3× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12c 𓆿  … Use as 4× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12d 𓇀  … Use as 5× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12e 𓇁  … Use as 6× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12f 𓇂  … Use as 7× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12g 𓇃  … Use as 8× mdw-nTr M12.
  M12h 𓇄  … Use as 9× mdw-nTr M12.
  M13 𓇅 papyrus

Log. or det. transliteration, “papyrus”.

Phon. or phon. det. transliteration.

Use as mdw-nTr V24.

  M14 𓇆 combination of mdw-nTr M13 and mdw-nTr I10

Phon. transliteration.

Use as mdw-nTr V24.

  M15 𓇇 clump of papyrus with buds

Det. papyrus, watery regions.

Phon. det. transliteration.

mdw-nTr Log. transliteration, “Chemmis”.

Log. or det. transliteration, “Lower Egypt”.

  M15a 𓇈 combination of mdw-nTr M15 and mdw-nTr O49 Log. transliteration, “Chemmis”.
  M16 𓇉 clump of papyrus

Phon. transliteration.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr, mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

Log. or det. transliteration, “Lower Egypt”.

  M16a 𓇊 combination of mdw-nTr M16 and mdw-nTr O49 Log. transliteration, “Lower Egypt”.
  M17 𓇋 reed

Log. transliteration, “reed”.

Phon. transliteration.

mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr Phon. Hebrew Yod.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr Phon. Hebrew Alef.

  M17a 𓇌 two reeds Use as 2× mdw-nTr M17.
  M18 𓇍 combination of mdw-nTr M17 and mdw-nTr D54 Log. transliteration, “come”.
  M19 𓇎 heaped conical cakes between mdw-nTr M17 and mdw-nTr U36 Log. or det. transliteration, “offering”.
  M20 𓇏 field of reeds

Log. transliteration, “marshland”.

Use as mdw-nTr M21 [Phon. transliteration].

  M21 𓇐 reeds with root

Log. or det. transliteration, “plant”.

Phon. transliteration.

  M22 𓇑 rush

Phon. transliteration.

mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

  M22a 𓇒 two rushes Use as 2× mdw-nTr M22.
  M23 𓇓 sedge

Log. transliteration, “sedge”.

Phon. transliteration.

(group-writing) mdw-nTr Phon. transliteration.

mdw-nTr Log. transliteration, “king of Upper and Lower Egypt”.

  M24 𓇔 combination of mdw-nTr M23 and mdw-nTr D21 Log. transliteration, “south”.
  M24a 𓇕 lily mdw-nTr Log. transliteration, “the two lands”.
  M25 𓇖 combination of mdw-nTr M26 and mdw-nTr D21

Use as mdw-nTr M24.

Use as mdw-nTr M26.

  M26 𓇗 flowering sedge

Log. transliteration, “Upper Egypt”.

Phon. or phon. det. transliteration.

  M27 𓇘 combination of mdw-nTr M26 and mdw-nTr D36

Log. transliteration, “Upper Egypt”.

Phon. transliteration.

  M28 𓇙 combination of mdw-nTr M26 and mdw-nTr V20 Log. transliteration transliteration, “the tens of Upper Egypt”.
  M28a 𓇚 three lilies on mdw-nTr O49 Log. transliteration, “Upper Egypt”.
  M29 𓇛 pod Phon. transliteration.
  M30 𓇜 root Log. or det. transliteration, “sweet”.
  M31 𓇝 rhizome Det. transliteration, “grow”. Ex. mdw-nTr .
  M31a 𓇞 mdw-nTr M1 in vase Use as mdw-nTr M31.
  M32 𓇟 rhizome Use as mdw-nTr M31.
  M33 𓇠 3 grains horizontally

Log. or det. transliteration, “barley”.

Det. grain.

  M33a 𓇡 3 grains vertically Use as mdw-nTr M33.
  M33b 𓇢 3 grains in triangular arrangement Use as mdw-nTr M33.
  M34 𓇣 ear of emmer Log. or det. transliteration, “emmer”.
  M35 𓇤 heap of grain Det. heap.
  M36 𓇥 bundle of flax showing bolls

Phon. transliteration.

Det. bundle together.

  M37 𓇦 bundle of flax Use as mdw-nTr M36 [Phon. transliteration].
  M38 𓇧 wide bundle of flax

Det. flax.

Det. bundle together.

  M39 𓇨 basket of fruit or grain Det. vegetable offering.
  M40 𓇩 bundle of reeds

Log. or det. transliteration, “reeds”.

Phon. transliteration.

  M40a 𓇪 bundle of reeds Use as mdw-nTr M40.
  M41 𓇫 piece of wood Det. wood.
  M42 𓇬 flower

Phon. transliteration.

Log. transliteration, “eat”.

  M43 𓇭 vine on trellis Det. vine, fruit.
  M44 𓇮 thorn

Log. or det. transliteration, “sharp”.

Det. sharp.

Share This